Instructions for Authors



1. General information

The Journal of Korea Planning Association (JKPA) is the official journal of the Korea Planning Association (KPA). JKPA accepts papers that meet the scope of JKPA described at the masthead page(http://www.kpaj.or.kr/). The publication process of JKPA adheres to the Code of Ethics and the Editorial Regulation specified in following sections.

2. Copyright and Creative Commons Attribution license

If a manuscript is accepted for publication in JKPA, the copyright of the manuscript will be owned by JKPA as per the copyright transfer agreement provided in the submission process. The Creative Commons Attribution License is also in effect (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

3. Research and publication ethics

1) Authorship

■ Author’s Qualifications and Types

(1) Author qualifications should be conferred on the person(s) who has (have) made significant contributions to the work, such as ① academic conception and planning of the work, data collection, and data analysis or interpretation, ② drafting the paper or revising academically important contents of the paper, and ③ reviewing the final manuscript of the paper to be published.

(2) When a master’s or doctoral dissertation, or a part of it is submitted to JKPA in its modified or revised form, this should be specified in the manuscript, and the first author of the manuscript should be the degree recipient.

(3) In the case of large-scale research involving researchers from multiple institutions, the organization must clearly state the author(s) who is (are) directly responsible for the contents of the paper.

(4) All persons designated as authors with their names stated on a paper should satisfy author qualifications. However, research funding, data collection, or overall research supervision alone does not satisfy the requirements for authorship.

(5) Authors are classified into single author, first author, corresponding author, and co-authors.

(6) Single author refers to a case where there is only one author to the paper, and he/she becomes the main author and corresponding author simultaneously. When there are two or more authors to a paper (co-authors), the main author and the corresponding author may be distinguished.

(7) The main author should be limited to only one person who has made the largest contribution to the paper among the co-authors. The name of the main author should appear first in the list of author names.

(8) The corresponding author should be limited to one person obligated to answer paper-related questions or data requests. Furthermore, the corresponding author must provide the Editorial Board with information about any potential conflict of interest with any author(s) that may affect the review of the paper. If the corresponding author is not specified, the main author will be considered the corresponding author.

(9) In principle, authors cannot be added or deleted after publication is confirmed; the author types cannot be changed.

2) Originality, Plagiarism, and duplicate publication

■ Academic Originality

(1) Authors submitting a paper to the Journal should respect the research achievements of others, and the submitted paper should secure academic originality differentiated from existing research outcomes including the author’s own research.

■ Fabrication and Falsification

(2) Fabrication or falsification encompasses the act of intentionally misrepresenting the truth, including data used in the research, results figures, and images as follows.

・Fabrication refers to the act of creating nonexistent data or research results.

・Falsification refers to the act of distorting research content or results by artificially manipulating the research process, or by arbitrarily modifying or deleting data.

■ Plagiarism

(3) Plagiarism is intentionally describing the content of already published academic ideas, opinions, expressions, and research results in any written media of which access is not intended for an audience of a limited size such as domestic and foreign academic journals, academic conference papers, research reports, master’s and doctoral dissertations, books, magazines, and the Internet, without explicitly citing the source.

(4) Plagiarism is applicable, even if the part presented without citation is similar to the content that has already been published; plagiarism is determined regardless of the volume presented without citation.

(5) Plagiarism also applies if the author is the same as the author of the content already published (self-plagiarism).

(6) However, academic knowledge, research results, etc. that are already popularized and used in academia are not deemed to be plagiarism even if they are described without citations.

■ Concurrent Submission

(7) Articles submitted to the JKPA cannot be submitted for review in other academic journals (domestic or foreign) before it is withdrawn by the author or rejected by JKPA.

■ Duplicate Publication

(8) ① Papers published in domestic academic foundations, registered candidates, or international journals or similar papers cannot be submitted to and published in the JKPA.

② Whether the manuscript is different from existing publications according to the provisions of ① is decided based on the following criteria.

・ In terms of items of the purpose, method, scope, data, results, and logical development method of the research, there should be significant differences from existing publications in at least two items.

・ A difference in language used is not recognized as a differentiation.

(9) ① Manuscripts published in academic journals that are not listed officially by KCI, such as university academic journals, can be submitted to and published by the JKPA only if they have been modified or supplemented. In this case, the details of the modification or supplementation must be specified.

② Whether to modify or supplement according to the provisions of ① is determined based on the following criteria.

・ In terms of the purpose, method, scope, data, results, and logical development method of the research, there should be a significant difference from existing manuscripts in at least one item.

・ A difference in language used is not recognized as a correction or supplement.

(10) When a manuscript previously presented at an academic conference or other venues is submitted to JKPA in its modified or revised form, this should be specified in the manuscript.

(11) When a manuscript is written partly or wholly based on a research report or a part of it, this should be specified in the manuscript.

■ Resubmission

(13) A manuscript that has been rejected for publication by the JKPA or its similar manuscript cannot be re-submitted.

(14) Whether the manuscript is different from existing manuscripts that have been rejected for publication in accordance with the provisions of (13) is determined based on the following criteria.

・ In terms of items such as the purpose, method, scope, data, results, and logical development method of the research, there should be significant differences from the existing manuscript in at least two items.

・ A difference in language used is not recognized as differentiation.

3) Secondary publication

It is possible to republish manuscripts if the manuscripts satisfy the conditions of secondary publication of the ICMJE Recommendations (http://www.icmje.org/urm_main.html).

4) Conflict of interest statement

The paper’s authors should provide the Editorial Board with a statement on the conflicts of interest that have an inappropriate effect on the paper’s results and publications because of interest related to the authors and the paper.

5) Statement of informed consent and institutional review board approval

The paper’s authors should comply with the regulations of the “Bioethics and Safety Act,” etc., for research on all humans or human materials and must undergo a review by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) in advance. When necessary, the editor or reviewers may request copies of the documents to resolve questions about IRB approval and research conduct.

6) Process for managing research and publication misconduct

■ Duties of KPA Members

(1) If a KPA member discovers research misconduct that falls under Article 3-2)-(2) to (14) (hereinafter referred to as “Research Misconduct”), he/she should immediately report it to the Editorial Board.

■ Judgment of Research Misconduct

(2) If there is an allegation of research misconduct related to an article that is published, to be published, or under review for publication in JKPA, the Editorial Board must determine whether the allegation is credible via a reasonably thorough investigation.

(3) When the Editorial Board confirms the credibility of the allegation, the Board submits the issue to the Research Ethics Committee (hereinafter referred to as “Committee”) in addition to the findings and data of its investigation.

(4) The Chairman of the Committee provides the applicable author an opportunity to explain in advance in writing regarding the allegation and the Board’s findings prior to the review.

(5) The Committee determines whether the issue corresponds to research misconduct with 2/3 or more of the members’ attendance and 2/3 or more of the consent of the attendees. The prohibition period of manuscript submission is determined based on the following measures.

① When the Committee has determined that a forgery, alteration, plagiarism, or duplicate publication has been committed under Articles 3-2)-(2) ~ 3-2)-(6), or 3-2)-(8) ~ 3-2)-(12), the following measures should be taken:

・If a paper has already been published, the Editorial Board officially retracts the paper and announces this fact on the websites of JKPA and KPA.

・In the event of duplicate publication, this fact should be notified to the relevant academic association(s).

・The author(s) involved in the misconduct should not be allowed to submit papers to the Journal for a period of five years or less from the time of the decision.

② When the Committee has determined that simultaneous submission or resubmission has been committed under Articles 3-2)-(7), (13), or (14), the following measures should be taken:

・The Editorial Board should refuse or suspend the paper review.

・In the event of simultaneous submissions, this fact should be notified to the relevant academic association.

・The author(s) involved in the misconduct should not be allowed to submit papers to the Journal for a period of two years or less from the time of the decision.

(6) The president of KPA informs the applicable author of the decision and the reason for the decision of the Committee.

(7) The Committee can independently determine the specific and detailed interpretation of the standards in Articles 3-2)-(2) ~ 3-2)-(14) regarding research misconduct and matters not specified in this code.

7) Process for handling cases requiring corrections, retractions, and editorial expressions of concern

(1) Any editorial expressions of concern, corrections, or retractions should follow the COPE guidelines (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts) where applicable. The journal of Korea Planning Association will publish an amendment notice in print and online when a correction or retraction is warranted after an article has been published. The online correction will be linked to the original article.

(2) In certain cases, a retracted article will be deleted and replaced with a retraction statement.

8) Editorial responsibilities

(1) The Editorial Board (hereinafter referred to as “the Board”) is established under the KPA to execute matters set forth in this regulation and to review and resolve other journal-related matters.

(2) The Publisher and Board should check and confirm the compliance with the Journal's code of ethics and editorial regulations.

(3) The Board can decide on the following matters: Content composition of the journal; decision on rejecting submitted manuscripts; selection of reviewers for submitted manuscripts; evaluation of review results; exchange of opinions and mediation between reviewers and authors; determination of the final publication; determination of the order of publication; correction of published manuscripts; identifying the number of copies to be issued and electronic publication format, reviewer’s fee, and publication charge; publishing corrections, retractions, and apologies when needed; and excluding plagiarism and fraudulent data.

(4) The Board should ensure a fair selection of reviewers for submitted manuscripts, and it should carefully select reviewers who can evaluate and review the manuscript in the most appropriate and professional manner.

(5) The Board should make the utmost efforts to facilitate an exchange of opinions between reviewers and authors.

(6) The Board should manage the submitted manuscripts to be double-blind peer reviewed by independent and anonymous expert reviewers.

(7) The Board may establish and implement all matters to be observed in relation to its powers and duties as operating rules.

4. Author qualifications, language requirement, and reporting guideline

1) Author qualifications

(1) The members of KPA can submit their manuscripts to the Journal. However, membership dues must be paid in full.

(2) Anyone not a member of KPA can submit as a co-author of the manuscript with the member of KPA.

2) Language

The manuscript should be written in good academic Korean or English. Manuscripts in any other language will not be accepted.

5. Submission and peer review process

1) Submission

(1) The paper’s authors should review the submitted paper according to the guidelines recommended by the gendered innovations policy (http://gister.re.kr/).

(2) For matters not specified in the Code of Ethics and the Editorial Regulation of the Journal, the manuscript should be written, in principle, by applying the international standard for editors and authors (http://publicationethics.org/international-standards-editors-and-authors).

(3) The paper’s authors should write the paper in compliance with the Code of Ethics and the Editorial Regulation of the Association.

(4) Manuscripts can be submitted at any time via e-submission system (www.kpaj.or.kr), where authors can check the status of their submission.

(5) The date of submission is the online submission date of the manuscript.

(6) When submitting a manuscript online, authors must agree to the Code of Ethics of the Association and that of bioethics, provide the conflict of interest information for all authors, and upload the manuscript.

(7) The maximum number of papers that an author can publish as lead author or correspondent author is two in one published issue of the Journal. An exception can be given if there are reasons attributable to the Board, such as the unusual delay of manuscript review.

2) Peer Review Process

■ Academic Field Suitability Review, Rejection, and Reviewer Selection

(1) The Vice-Chairperson first reviews whether a submitted manuscript is n line with the academic field of the Journal. Based on this review, the Chairperson re-examines the suitability of the submitted manuscript.

(2) If the Chairperson determines that the submitted manuscript does not fit the scope of the Journal, he/she should submit it as an agenda to the Editorial Board to make the final decision. If the Editorial Board decides that the submitted manuscript is not suitable, it will be rejected. The opinions of the Editorial Board will be sent to the corresponding author of the manuscript.

(3) If the suitability of the paper is approved, the manuscript will be passed to the Editorial Board for reviewer selection.

(4) For the received manuscript, the Editorial Board should select three reviewers who can evaluate the content of the paper professionally and request them to review the paper. In principle, the following reviewers who may harm the fairness of review should be excluded from appointment: those working in the same department of the company or school as the paper author(s), and those related to the conflict of interest information provided by the corresponding author.

(5) If a reviewer who has received a request believes that it is difficult to conduct a fair review due to a conflict of interest with the paper, he/she should immediately notify the Editorial Board and submit his/her reason for rejecting the review request. If a reviewer is found violating this rule, the Editorial Board rescinds the reviewer’s report and the Editorial Board should report the reviewers’ actions as ethical misconduct to the Research Committee.

(6) If an appointed reviewer refuses to review or does not submit the review result within 21 days, the Chairperson of the Editorial Board may replace the reviewer.

(7) A predetermined review fee should be paid to the reviewers.

■ Manuscript review

(8) Reviewers should refuse to review a paper when they have a concern that the fairness of the review may be impaired because of a conflict of interest with the paper authors or paper contents.

(9) When reviewers enter their review opinion and decision into the online system, they should state that there is no conflict of interest throughout their review process and declare that they performed the review fairly.

(10) Reviewers should evaluate the manuscript based on criteria such as the appropriateness of the subject, review process of the existing research, logical flow of the manuscript, appropriateness of the volume, appropriateness of the table, figure, and map format, and academic contribution and points out the details. Reviewers should conduct their assessment in a timely and objective manner, avoiding any personal or unsupported criticisms. The review decision is one of the followings: publish as it is, publish after revision, re-review after revision, and publication rejected.

(11) Reviewers must specifically state the requirements for revision if the decision is either publish after revision or re-review after revision. If the decision is rejection, the basis for such a decision should be provided.

(12) The Board collectively considers the individual review results of the three reviewers and takes the decision on “publish as it is, publish after revision, re-review after revision and publication rejected” based on the criteria specified in (14).
However, if two reviewers have presented their opinions as “publish as it is or publish after revision” and if two reviewers have presented their individual opinions of “publication rejected,” the review results based on the review criteria table can be notified to the author regardless of the individual review result of the third reviewer.

(13) In the case of a decision of “publish after revision,” the reviewer may ask the Board to check and confirm that the revision items are properly implemented.

(14) Criteria for review decision:

① Publish as it is: Decision in the case where the manuscript can be published in the journal as it is.

② Publish after revision: Decision in the case where the manuscript can be published in the Journal after minor revisions without additional review procedures (However, if it is necessary to check the results of the revision before publication by the Board for the decisions corresponding to “Publish after revision,” the reviewer can inform the Board regarding the same).

③ Re-review after revision: Decision in the case where there is a problem in the content and methodology of the manuscript; however, it can be revised and the reviewer must review again to confirm the result of the revision implementation.

④ Publication rejected: Decision in the case where it is deemed impossible to revise and improve due to a critical problem in the content and methodology of the manuscript

■ Revision of Manuscript and Objection

(15) In the case of “Publish as it is” or “Publish after revision,” the author of the manuscript confirmed for submission should submit the final copy within six months of receiving the notification on the results, and in exceptional circumstances, the editor of the Journal may grant a deadline extension of another six months.

(16) In the case of “Re-review after revision,” the author must submit the revised manuscript within three months after receiving the review result. If the revised manuscript cannot be submitted within three months on reasonable grounds, the author may request an extension on the deadline in writing before the three-month revision period ends. Based on the request, the Board might grant an extension of the deadline. If the Board receives neither the revised manuscript nor the request for extension, the submission of the manuscript is deemed to have been abandoned.

(17) In the case of re-review, if it is deemed that the result of the revision on the points originally pointed out is insufficient, the reviewer can take the decision of “Publication rejected.”

(18) The author of the manuscript may object to the reviewer's points addressed, revision requests, or the review results. If the reviewer disagrees with the author's objection, the Board comprehensively reviews the opinions of the author and the reviewer and makes a final decision. However, all exchanges of opinions between the reviewer and the author must be made in an anonymous manner in writing through the Board.

3) Peer review process for handling submissions from editors, employees, or members of the editorial board

Editors, employees, or board members should not be involved in editorial decisions about their own scholarly work. When they are authors or have contributed to a manuscript, they will not engage in the selection of reviewers and decision process. Editors should not handle their own manuscripts in any case.

6. Manuscript preparation

1) General requirements

■ Manuscript writing, language, and program

(1) The manuscript should be written in good academic Korean or English.

(2) The main document with the manuscript text and tables should be prepared in Hangle (.hwp). If the document is written in English, MS Word (.docx) can be used.

■ Length of manuscript

(3) The length of the published manuscript should be within seven pages in A4 size, and the basic charge and excess publication charge are calculated according to “Page charges or article processing charges.” However, even in this case, the total number of pages should not exceed 25.

(4) All manuscript pages are to be numbered at the bottom of the page consecutively, beginning with the abstract as page 1.

(5) Only standard abbreviations should be used. Abbreviations should be avoided in the title of the manuscript. Abbreviations should be spelled out at the first instance of their appearance in the text and the use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum.

(6) All manuscripts should be prepared based on the editorial regulations of KPA and refer to samples posted on the Journal website.

(7) Manuscript preparation is different according to publication type, including original articles, reviews, case studies, book reviews, and correspondence.

2) Original articles

■ Composition of a manuscript

(1) Original articles are reports of basic investigations. The manuscript for an original article should be organized in the following sequence: Title of manuscript (Korean, English), funding for research, conflict of interest, acknowledgments (Korean, English), author's name (Korean, English), abstract, keywords (Korean, English), main text (including tables and figures), endnotes, references, and appendix. The appendix should be used only when necessary. While the abstract (including keywords) should be aligned on both sides, the main text, endnotes, and references should be edited in two columns.

■ Editing of a manuscript

(2) Title of manuscript

① Manuscript titles should be provided in Korean and then in English. However, English manuscripts should provide the title in the order of English and then Korean. The title should be left aligned, and the Korean and English titles should be placed on separate lines. The subtitle should begin with a colon (:) and be placed on the separate line from the main title. Each word of the English title should start with capital letters except prepositions and conjunctions (e.g. An Analysis of Factors that Affect Urban Form ···). However, if the preposition is the first word, it should be capitalized.

② Special notes related to a manuscript such as previously reported contents, funding for research, conflict of interest, and acknowledgements in the course of research, should be marked with a superscript “*” symbol at the top right corner of the Korean title (or the English title for English manuscripts), and the corresponding details should be described in a footnote at the bottom of the first page.

(3) Author's name and footnotes

① The author's name should be written in the order of Korean and English (or Roman script), and if there are two or more authors, insert the symbol “·” between author names. Names in English (or Roman script) should be written in the order of last name and first name, and a comma (,) is inserted after the last name. The names are left-aligned, and the Korean and English names are placed on separate lines. In principle, Korean and English names should fit on one line each. However, multiple lines can be used if the list of authors is too long to fit on one line.

② To describe the details for each author, author names should be marked with superscripts “*,”“**,” “***,” .... in the order of authors at their Korean names or English names; in case of no Korean names (e.g. Hong, Gil-dong *, Kim, Gil-dong **, Lee, Gil-dong ***). If the superscript “*” is used for the manuscript title, the superscript symbol should start from **.

③ Author details should be described in the footnote at the bottom of the first page. First, the affiliated institution and position of the author should be clearly indicated in English. Further, according to Article 3-1), the corresponding author should be specified. The email address of the authors should appear after the colon (:) (e.g. ** Professor, Department of AA, BB University (Corresponding author: bbb@kpa1959.or.kr)).

④ The authors’ names and their affiliations should not be stated in the submitted manuscript directly or indirectly. In case of a violation, the submitted manuscript will be rejected based on the decision of the Board.

(4) Abstract

① For both Korean and English manuscripts, the “Abstract” should be written in English.

② The abstract should be concise and be equal to or less than 200 words or 15 lines of an A4 manuscript; it should follow a structured format that includes the research purpose, research method, research results, and conclusion.

③ The abstract should be written in third person (e.g. This paper examines ··· , The purpose of this research is ···).

(5) Keywords

① Up to five keywords should be listed at the bottom of the abstract. They should be presented in the order of English and Korean and each key word should be separated by a comma (,).

② Use a separate line for English and Korean keywords that start after the word “Keywords” and “주제어,” respectively, and align them to the left. For English keywords, all words except prepositions should start with a capital letter (e.g. Keywords: Landmark, Urban Planning, City of Seoul, GIS).

(6) Main text

① The main body should be organized in the following order: introduction, main body divided by chapters according to contents, and conclusion.

② The headings of chapters that correspond to the introduction and conclusion could be specified as “Introduction” and “Conclusion.” Alternatively, titles of sections providing these contents correspond to the introduction and conclusion.

③ The chapters, sections, and subsections in the main text should be numbered according to the format: I. Chapter, 1. Section, 1) Subsection, (1) divided contents in Subsection, and ① more details. One line is added below chapter and section headings, but not for subsection headings.

④ Language notation

・ In principle, Korean manuscripts should be entirely in Korean, including foreign loanwords.

・ If Hangul notation can cause misreading or difficulty in conveying its meaning, the original language or Chinese characters can be provided in parenthesis only once. However, if the issue is related with pronunciation (e.g. a person’s name), it can be written in the original language without parenthesis.

・ For Roman letters including English, lower case letters should be used. However, capital letters can be used for the first letter of the proper noun, the abbreviation using capital letters, technology terminology, or for special emphasis.

・ For Korean manuscripts that have original words followed by abbreviations in parenthesis, insert a comma (,) them (e.g., 도시계획학 석사 (Master of Urban Panning, MUP)). For English manuscripts, the original term should be written first followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis. Abbreviations may be used thereafter (e.g., World Wide Web (WWW)).

・ The spelling of Hangul should follow the spelling system and standard language rules of the Korean Language Society; the Hangul notation of foreign loanwords should be in accordance with the Korean Ministry of Education's 「Foreign Loanword Notation」 and 「Foreign Language Notation Examples」.

⑤ Numbers and formulas

・ Use Arabic numerals to indicate quantities. 0 must be written before the decimal point. In principle, fractions should be written as “1/4” rather than “¼.”

・ A formula should start on a new line and be written in one line where possible. If it spans over two or more lines, change the line from the “=” symbol and unify the position where possible or start a new line with the symbols “+”, “-”, and “×”. All equations should be numbered; the number in parenthesis should be added to the right of the equation as (1) and (2). The subscript of the formula should be in a size readable in printed papers.

⑥ Units and symbols

・ In principle, all units should follow the metric system. However, if the use of conventional units such as the oriental foot pound system or the feet-pound notation helps convey the content better, these conventional units can be indicated as they are. When using a conventional unit, the metric unit should be indicated in parenthesis and the oriental foot pound system should be italicized (e.g. 척 (30.3 ㎝), pyeong (3.3 ㎡)). In principle, the unit and quantity symbol should follow the Korean Industrial Standards.

⑦ Tables

・ Tables should be inserted directly into the main text and their size should be adjusted according to the total width of the columns.

・ The title, contents, and notes of the table must be written either in English only or in both Korean and English, and all tables should be referred at least once in the main text as “Table 1” or <Table 1>.

・ The Table number and title of the table should be written at the top left before the table begins, and the title length should be shorter than the total width of the table. However, if the title spans over two lines, it should be aligned with the first letter of the title right after the serial number. The notes on the table should be provided at the bottom left of the table.

⑧ Figures (photos, maps, and graphs)

・ Figures including photographs, maps, and graphs should maintain a clearly recognizable resolution for a printed version. The figure should be inserted directly into the main text but the original figure should be also saved as a separate file for potential submission. The size of the figure should be in accordance with the width of the text.

・ The title, content, and periodic information of the figure must be written either in English only or in both Korean and English, and all pictures should be referred at least once in the main text as “Figure 1” or <Figure 1>.

・ The figure number and title of the figure should be written at the center below the figure, and the title length should be shorter than the width of the figure. However, if the title spans over two lines, it should be aligned with the first letter of the title right after the figure number. If multiple figures are presented as a group, add labels such as a), b), and c) for each figure with a description. The source of the figure should be provided on the left below the title.

(7) Annotation (Endnotes)

・ All annotations in the text should be provided as endnotes; footnotes should not be used.

・ Annotations in the main text should be given a serial number such as “1)” or “2)” as a superscript to the right of a sentence, phrase, or word that needs description. In endnotes, corresponding descriptions are added after “주 1.,” “주 2.” for Korean manuscripts and after “Note 1.,” “Note 2.” for English manuscripts. The endnote is aligned to the first letter of descriptions.

(8) References

・ References in the main text or endnotes should be cited as "author (year)" or "(author, year)," while Internet source should be indicated in parentheses. When citing two or more references, they should be in the order of the year of publication (e.g., Hong Gil-dong (2005) and Kim Gil-dong (2006), (Hong Gil-dong, 2005; Kim Gil-dong, 2006))

・ The author name in Korean or Chinese characters should be presented with no spacing between the last and the first name while the name in Roman characters such as English should only include the last name. For papers with two authors, names in Korean or Chinese characters should be written as “author·author,” and those in Roman characters should be “author and author.” If there are three or more co-authors, names in Korean or Chinese characters should be written as ““주저자 이름” 외,” and those in Roman characters should be ““the first author’s last name” et al.”

・ The year is written in four Arabic numerals. If one author has multiple citations for the same year, represent each citation with “a,” “b,” and “c” after the year in the order of the month and date of publication.

・ In the case of directly quoting the contents of a reference in the main text or endnotes, it should be indicated with quotation marks (“ ”). Other matters should comply with the citation style explained in (9).

(9) References Section

・ The References Section should include all references cited in the main text or endnotes and should not include those not cited in the main text or endnotes.

・ In principle, references should be written both in their original language and English (English references only in English). The reference list should be in the order of the literature in Korean, English, and other languages followed by other sources such as online sources; Korean literature should be in the Korean alphabetical order for the first author's name, and the other literature should be in the English alphabetical order according to the first author's name.

・ Different references for the same author should be written in the order of the year of publication. If the year of publication is the same, the notations “a,” “b,” and “c” should be added based on the order of the month and day of publication.

・ The author name in Korean or Chinese characters should be presented without spacing between the last and first names. For the name in Roman characters, write last name followed by a comma (,) and then first name and second name. For the name in Roman characters, if it is unlikely to cause confusion for the author, the second name may be replaced by initials or omitted, or both the first and second names may be replaced by initials. Initials should be capitalized and followed by a period (.).

・ For references with two or more co-authors, all co-authors should be specified. In these cases, names in Korean or Chinese characters should be written as “author·author·author,” and those in Roman characters should be “last name, first name second name, last name, first name second name, and last name, first name second name” (e.g., ·김길동·이길동 or Lynch, Kevin T., Brown, Richard C., and Smith, Earl P.).

・ The year is written in four Arabic digits.

・ If there are more than two pages for references, indicate the range with a hyphen (-) (e.g., 332-334).

・ In addition to the above rules, references should be written as follows.

Books and book chapters:

1. Bradley, James E. and Muller, Richard A., 1990. Cities Then and Now, Grand Rapids: Eldermans Publishing Co.

2. Kelly, John D., 2010. "Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67-83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Periodicals such as journal articles:

3. Gerloff, R., 2002. “Rediscovering the Village,” Utne Reader, 51(2): 12-34.

Dissertation:

4. Jackson, J. B., 2002. "Discovering the Vernacular Landscape,” Ph. D. Dissertation, Yale University.

In-Printing or unpublished materials:

5. Gerloff, R., 2002. "Rediscovering the Village,” Urban Planning (in press).

Academic conference presentation manuscript or presentation material in a meeting:

6. Smith, M. J., 2010. "Discovering the Vernacular Landscape,” Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New York City: New York University.

Compilation:

7. Hallberg, Robert, ed. 1990. Canons. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Translated work:

8. Garcia Marquez, Gabriel, 1988. Love in the Time of Cholera, Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape.

9. Lattimore, Richmond, trans. 1951. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Series:

10. Clapp, Verner W., 1984. The Future of the Research Library, Phineas W. Windsor Series in Librarianship 8, Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Government or company publications:

11. Seoul Metropolitan Government. 2007. 2006 Seoul Statistics Annual Report. Seoul

Press Release:

12. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, 2012. "Multifuctional Administrative City," Gyeonggi.

News Article:

13. Krugman, A., 2007, May 21. "Fear of eating," New York Times.

E-book:

14. Austen, Jane, 2007. Pride and Prejudice, New York: Penguin Classics, Kindle edition.

15. Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders's Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

Online Journal:

16. Kossinets, Gueorgi and Duncan J. Watts, 2009. "Origins of Homophily in and Evolving Social Network," American Journal of Sociology, 115:405-450. Accessed February 28, 2010. doi: 10.1086/599247.

Other online sources:

17. Posner, Richard, 2010, Feb 21. "Double Exports in Five Years?" The Becker-Posner Blog, http://unchicagolaw.typepad.com/beckerposner/2010/02/double-exports-in-five-years-posner.html.

18. McDonalsd's Corporation, “McDonald's Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts," Accessed July, 19, 2009. http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html

3) Reviews

Reviews should be comprehensive analyses of specific topics on urban planning and urban studies. The format is the same as that of Original Articles.

4) Book reviews

Book reviews invited by the editor should cover recently published books in the field of urban planning and urban studies. The format is the same as that of Original Articles.

5) Editorials /Correspondence

Editorials or Correspondence (letters to the editor) should be the commentaries or responses to recently published articles in JKPA, or a short, free-standing piece expressing opinions such as active areas of research, fresh insights, and debates in the field of urban planning and urban studies. If the correspondence is in response to a published article, the Editor-in-Chief can choose to invite the article's authors to write a Correspondence Reply. While the format is same as that of Original Articles. The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence: Title of manuscript (Korean, English), Author's name (Korean, English), Main text, Conflict of interest, Acknowledgments, and References.

7. Final preparation for publication

1) Final version

After the paper has been accepted for publication, the author(s) should submit the final version of the manuscript. The names and affiliations of the authors should be double-checked, and if the originally submitted image files were of poor resolution, higher resolution image files should be submitted. The electronic original should be sent with appropriate labeling and arrows.


EPS, TIFF, Adobe Photoshop (PSD), JPEG, and PPT formats are preferred for submission of digital files of photographic images. Symbols (e.g., circles, triangles, squares), letters (e.g., words, abbreviations), and numbers should be large enough to be legible on reduction to the journal’s column widths. All symbols must be defined in the figure caption. If the symbols are too complex to appear in the caption, they should appear on the illustration itself, within the area of the graph or diagram, not to the side.


If references, tables, or figures are moved, added, or deleted during the revision process, they should be renumbered to reflect such changes so that all tables, references, and figures are cited in numeric order.

2) Manuscript corrections

Before publication, the manuscript editor may correct the manuscript such that it meets the standard publication format. The author(s) must respond within three days when the manuscript editor contacts the author for revisions. If the response is delayed, the manuscript’s publication may be postponed to the next issue

3) Galley Proof

The author(s) will receive the final version of the manuscript as a PDF file. Upon receipt, within two days, the editorial office (or printing office) must be notified of any errors found in the file. Any errors found after this time are the responsibility of the author(s) and will have to be corrected as an erratum.

8. Page charges or article processing charges

(1) Authors must pay the peer review fee of KRW 60,000 when submitting a manuscript.

(2) Authors should pay KRW 100,000 for each publication after the publication is confirmed. However, if the number of printed pages exceeds seven, the author must pay the excess publication volume charge per page. The excess publication volume charge is KRW 25,000 per page up to 12 pages, and KRW 50,000 per page for volumes exceeding 12 pages.

(3) If requested by the author, one hardcopy of the issue that contains the author’s paper and ten hardcopies of the paper can be provided. If additional printing is desired, the author will need to make payments for the printing expenses.

(4) If the author wishes to print in color, additional printing cost will be levied.

(5) When submitting a manuscript and the formal acceptance for its publication, page charges and article processing charges will have to be paid using the online manuscript submission system on JKPA's website (kpaj.or.kr).